Adult life stress measurment validity

An explosion of research on life events has occurred since the publication of the Holmes and Rahe checklist in Despite criticism, especially of their use in research on psychopathology, such economical inventories have remained dominant. Most of the problems of reliability and validity with traditional inventories can be traced to the intracategory variability of actual events reported in their broad checklist categories.

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Background: The Early Life Stress Questionnaire ELSQ is widely used to estimate the prevalence of negative events during childhood, including emotional, physical, verbal, sexual abuse, negligence, severe conflicts, separation, parental divorce, substance abuse, poverty, and so forth. It also verifies if early life stress ELS is a good predictor of psychopathology symptoms during adulthood. Materials and Methods: We analyzed data from two samples.

In the exploratory factorial analysis, the promax oblique rotation was used and for the calculation of the internal consistency, we used the compound reliability. The construct validity was determined by means of the confirmatory factorial analysis with the method of estimation of weighted least squares adjusted by the mean and variance. The model with the best fit in the exploratory analysis was the one that retained three factors with a cumulative variance of The one-factor model did not obtain a good fit in both samples in the confirmatory analysis.

The Holmes and Rahe stress scale is a list of 43 stressful life events that can contribute to illness. Inpsychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe examined the medical records of over 5, medical patients as a way to determine whether stressful events might cause illnesses. Patients were asked to tally a list of 43 life events based on a relative score.

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Click on image for details. Shilpa AggarwalH. Background: Adolescence can be a stressful time for children, parents and adults who work with teens.

Life stress is a key determinant of poor mental and physical health, but until recently no instrument existed for efficiently assessing cumulative stress exposure and severity across the entire lifespan. Finally, the German STRAIN showed good discriminant validity, with lifetime stressor count being unrelated to personality features like neuroticism. Additional research is needed to examine how the German STRAIN predicts psychological and biological stress reactivity and physical health outcomes.

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Author information: 1 Department of Psychology, Queen's University. Life stress is a central factor in the onset and course of a wide range of medical and psychiatric conditions. Determining the precise etiological and pathological consequences of stress, though, has been hindered by weaknesses in prevailing definitional and measurement practices.

Contextually relevant stressful life events are integral to the quantification of stress. None such measures have been adapted for the Pakistani population. The RLCQ developed by Richard Rahe measures stress of an individual through recording the experience of life changing events. We used qualitative methodology in order to identify contextually relevant stressors in an open ended format, using serial in-depth interviews until thematic saturation of reported stressful life events was achieved.


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