Individuals who suffer from ADHD often have difficulty functioning in social, academic and occupational environments. They may struggle to follow directions, remember information, concentrate, organise tasks or complete work within time limits. Adult ADHD was first observed inand first included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a condition distinct from the childhood disorder in
And myriad others. The number of ADHD medication options is so large that finding the right treatment feels overwhelming at times. Here, an ADHD specialist explains the options for adults and children in terms we can all understand.
Although there is a significant amount of research on medication treatment for children with ADHD, much less controlled research data has been conducted on medication therapy in adults. However, medication improves attention and reduces impulsivity in adults who have been correctly diagnosed with ADHD. Adults with ADHD may also frequently have other conditions such as depression or anxiety that may require additional treatment.
It describes what ADHD feels like, some of the help that is available, how you can help yourself and how to help someone else who has been diagnosed with ADHD. This webpage provides information, not advice. You should read our full disclaimer before reading further. This information reflects the best available evidence at the time of writing.
Signs and symptoms of ADHD in adults can be hard to spot. However, core symptoms start early in life — before age 12 — and continue into adulthood, creating major problems. Some medical conditions or treatments may cause signs and symptoms similar to those of ADHD.
Many people equate ADHD treatment with medication. In fact, while medication for ADHD often improves attention and concentration, it typically does very little to help symptoms of disorganization, poor time management, forgetfulness, and procrastination—the very issues that cause the most problems for many adults with ADHD. Medication for ADHD is more effective when combined with other treatments.
Some medications need to be taken every day, but some can be taken just on school days. Treatment breaks are occasionally recommended to assess whether the medication is still needed. If you were not diagnosed with ADHD until adulthood, your GP and specialist can discuss which medications and therapies are suitable for you.
Two-thirds of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD are likely to have the condition into adulthood. Adults may be calmer but still have trouble with organization and impulsivity. Stimulant and nonstimulant medications are used to treat ADHD. Stimulants are considered the first-line choice for treatment.
This review focuses on the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD in adults. It briefly addresses prevalence, diagnostic and differential diagnostic issues specific to adults. Stimulant medication, non-stimulant medication, and psychosocial treatments are thoroughly reviewed.
Although there is no cure for the disorder, it can be successfully treated. There are several different approaches for treating adults, but generally some combination of medication and behavioral therapy yields the best results. However, the dosage and frequency of the medications may have to be adjusted.