You may occasionally wake up with a swollen, puffy face. This could happen as a result of pressure being placed on your face while sleeping. However, a swollen, puffy face can also arise from a facial injury or indicate an underlying medical condition.
Dark spots on the skin—also known as hyperpigmentation, age spots, solar lentigines, or liver spots, depending on their cause—can happen at any time, but most often appear in middle age. The spots are also associated with certain skin conditions and can occur as a side effect of some medications as well. These spots can range from light to dark brown or black in color, are flat, and generally oval-shape.
Atopic dermatitis in the US military. Although rosacea is one of the most common conditions treated by dermatologists, it also is one of the most misunderstood. It is a chronic disorder affecting the central parts of the face and is characterized by frequent flushing; persistent erythema ie, lasting for at least 3 months ; telangiectasia; and interspersed episodes of inflammation with swelling, papules, and pustules.
Discolored skin patches are irregular areas where there are changes in skin color. They are a common problem with a wide array of potential causes. Some of the more common causes for changes in skin color are illness, injury, and inflammatory problems. Discolored skin patches also commonly develop in a certain part of the body due to a difference in melanin levels.
Facial hyperpigmentation is common, and can cause significant cosmetic disfigurement with subsequent emotional impact. It is important to approach facial hyperpigmentation, which is much more common in patients of brown or black skin colourin a logical way. As such the conditions have been grouped in this chapter as follows:.
What is melasma? Melasma occurs when there is overstimulation to the melanocyte melanin producing cell, within this cell the melanosomes produce excess pigment and then deposit the pigment into neighbouring skin cells keratinocytes resulting in dark brown patches of skin. It can also appear without any of the above factors.
Most women have pigmentation on their skin, especially in their 30s. This happens because of excess melanin production. But sometimes, the melanin production goes awry, and your skin ends up with uneven dark patches. Also called hyperpigmentation, this skin issue can be very stubborn.
Dealing with melasma can be a challenging experience. From small areas of discoloration to large, obvious skin hyperpigmentation, melasma can range from an annoyance to a worrying skin condition that affects your confidence and self-esteem. Several studies even show that melasma can even affect your social life, preventing you from having the confidence to form relationships and enjoy life to its fullest.